All fulltime personnel of the armed forces wherever they were serving between 3rd September 1939 and 2nd September 1945 were eligible for this medal. It was granted in addition to the campaign stars and the Defence Medal. A few catagories of Civilians such as War Correspondents and Ferry Pilots who had flown in operational theatres, also qualified. No Clasps were issued with this medal but a bronze oak leaf denoted a mention in despatches. The medal was struck in cupro-nickel and issued unnamed, but those issued to Australian and South African personnel were officially named. The Canadian version of the medal was struck in silver.